Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. Please give now to support our work. Early voting has begun in California, and over the next month, voters will have the opportunity to protect human rights in the most populous state in the United States. Human Rights Watch has studied each of these four ballot proposals and recommends the following votes: Yes on Proposition 17which would restore voting rights to people disenfranchised while serving a prison term as soon as they complete their sentence.

This initiative would respect the voting rights of all citizens, regardless of criminal conviction, upon release from incarceration, including people under probation or parole supervision or who owe fines or fees. It would prevent people incarcerated for certain non-violent offenses from applying for early parole release and would require law enforcement to collect DNA samples from people convicted of certain misdemeanors.

No on Proposition 22an initiative that would create a third, substandard regulatory category for app-based workers in California, falling between employees and independent contractors. This plan would roll back minimum wage, paid sick leave, unemployment benefits, overtime pay, and other labor protections for these workers. Human Rights Watch research shows that, if Proposition 22 is successful, workers in the online grocery industry could face financial hardship, hunger, and poverty.

No on Proposition 25which, if passed, would replace the unjust money bail system with an even more discriminatory system. This proposition would empower judges to detain people pretrial without any possibility of release and would institute racially biased algorithmic risk assessment tools to determine release eligibility.

Proposition 25 would likely increase pretrial incarceration and, by increasing funding to law enforcement and entrenching more power with judges, may make achieving meaningful criminal justice reform in California even more difficult. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice. Get updates on human rights issues from around the globe. Join our movement today.

Donate Now. Click to expand Image. Your tax deductible gift can help stop human rights violations and save lives around the world. More Reading. October 7, Letter. October 2, Commentary. October 7, Report. September 30, Report. Protecting Rights, Saving Lives Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice.Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December General Assembly resolution A as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations.

It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over languages. Download PDF. Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.

Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people.

Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law. Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom.

Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

United Nations report: SF homeless problem is 'violation of human rights'

Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law. Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance. Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.

It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace. Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized. Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.The number of homeless people living in San Francisco has reached a record high.

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A United Nations expert on housing is calling the Bay Area's treatment of the homeless "cruel and inhuman" in a special report released in October. Now, Farha has summarized her findings in a report titled "On Adequate Housing as a Component of the Right to an Adequate Standard of Living," and it she includes one paragraph with an assessment of the informal tent encampments homeless people in the Bay Area are creating:.

Attempting to discourage residents from remaining in informal settlements or encampments by denying access to water, sanitation, and health services and other basic necessities, as has been witnessed by the Special Rapporteur in San Francisco and Oakland constitutes cruel and inhuman treatment and is a violation of multiple human rights, including the rights to life, housing, health and water and sanitation. Lack of security of tenure can never justify forced evictions of those residing in informal settlements.

Their answers show we all are close to the streets. That is bleak. I'm guided by human rights law. In San Francisco, about 7, people are homeless according to the last count, but this number is elusive and some believe the number is between 10, and 12, In the south, there's sort of a blind eye that has turned.

Once an informal settlement is created, it's established.

Whereas here, they can't create them. In the Bay Area, Farha talked to many people who were temporarily living in an encampment before they were ordered to move by city officials during a "tent sweep. Sometimes they say belongings are put in storage, but more often they'll dump everyone's possessions into one Dumpster.

It's horrible. It's not dignified. The people have nowhere to go.

Complaint vs Information (Bar, Criminology Board, and Napolcom Exams Reviewer)

It's illogical. It's tragic. Farha points out that one of the myths of homelessness is that drug users end up on the street, but she says in her experience people thrown into homelessness turn to drugs as a way to cope and assuage the pain. Distressing video shows Calif.

Milpitas police release more details in Great Mall shooting. Apple closes all Calif. Posturing over Harris' Senate seat is getting increasingly nasty.The power of the Universal Declaration is the power of ideas to change the world. It inspires us to continue working to ensure all people can gain freedom, equality and dignity.

Everyone can claim their rights regardless of sex, race, language, religion, social standing, etc. You have the right to obtain legal help and access the justice system when your rights are not respected.

No one can arrest or detain you arbitrarilyor send you away from your country unjustly. Trials should be public and tried in a fair manner by an impartial and independent tribunal. You are considered innocent until it can be proved you are guilty according to law. If accused of a crime you have the right to a defence.

You have the right to protection if someone tried to harm your good name, enter your home without permission or interfere with your correspondence. You have the right to leave or move within your own country and you should be able to return.

If you are persecuted at home, you have the right to seek protection in another country. Men and women have the right to marry when they are legally able without limits due to race, nationality or religion. Families should be protected by the Government and the justice system. You have the right to own things. No one has the right to illegally take them from you. Everyone has the right to freely manifest their religion, to change it and to practice it alone or with others.

Everyone has the right to think and say what they like and no one should forbid it. Governments should be voted for regularly. Society should help individuals to freely develop and make the most of all advantages offered in their country.

Everyone has the right to work in just and favourable conditions and be free to choose your work with a salary that allows you to live and support family. Everyone should receive equal pay for equal work.

Each work day should not be too long and everyone has the right to rest and take regular paid holidays. You have the right to have what you need so that you and your family do not go hungry, homeless or fall ill.

You have the right to go to school, continue your studies as far as you wish and learn regardless of race, religion or country of origin.Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. Please give now to support our work. Pursuant to Rule 8.

Our investigations into medical care in US immigration detention have repeatedly found evidence of severely substandard care, as well as systemic failure by ICE to address problems identified by its own experts.

By ending transfers from California prisons and jails into immigration detention centers, California can significantly reduce the number of people who enter a system where they are unlikely to be adequately protected from the Covid outbreak.

Human Rights Watch is a non-profit, independent organization and the largest international human rights organization based in the United States. Human Rights Watch investigates allegations of human rights violations in more than 90 countries around the world, including in the United States, by interviewing witnesses, gathering information from various sources, issuing detailed reports, and advocating for systemic change.

We believe the court would benefit from our experience based on investigations and monitoring of medical care in immigration detention centers in California and throughout the United States. Covid, even more than other infectious diseases, poses a particularly serious risk to populations that live in close proximity to each other, such as people in prisons, jails, and immigration detention centers. Human Rights Watch has called on authorities to take all necessary steps to protect people in immigration detention centers, as well as jails and prisons, from infection by the coronavirus, including supervised release and other non-custodial alternatives for detained individuals who are at high risk of serious effects from Covid Specifically with regard to immigration detention, a recent paper posted online in advance of publication in the Journal of Urban Health modeled the rate of Covid transmission within ICE detention facilities and impacts on regional hospital intensive care unit ICU capacity.

The study found high rates of transmission and inadequate ICU capacity even under the most optimistic assumptions of coronavirus transmission dynamics. In that model, 72 percent of people detained in ICE facilities would be infected with Covid 90 days after a facility had five infected cases.

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The study also found that a Covid outbreak at a number of detention facilities would potentially overwhelm local ICU capacity within a and mile radius of each facility.

These are plausible scenarios. In Marion County, Ohio, the prison has started testing all inmates and over 80 percent have tested positive.

The county is already seeing the impact on the larger community, with most cases of community spread coming from prison staff. For over 13 years, Human Rights Watch has been monitoring and publishing reports on medical care in US immigration detention. Throughout our investigations, from a report on inadequate care for people with HIV in immigration detention to a report we released this week with the American Civil Liberties Union and the National Immigrant Justice Center on the expansion of immigration detention under the Trump administration, we have consistently found severe failures on the part of ICE to provide adequate medical care.

Given its record, ICE is unlikely to successfully manage a severe public health crisis that is testing hospitals and medical systems around the country.

Human Rights on the Ballot in California

In nearly all of these reviews, these experts found evidence of substandard and dangerous medical care, such as failure to follow up on symptoms that required attention; medical personnel apparently practicing beyond the scope of their licenses and expertise; and sluggish emergency responses.

In 15 out of 33 cases, the experts found the deaths were preventable. Several of these cases involved people who died in ICE custody in California. When he became ill and started vomiting, a guard told a nurse about his condition.

article number human rights california

He died in the hospital four days later. Raul Ernesto Morales Ramos died of organ failure with signs of widespread cancer in after also being detained at Adelanto and Theo Lacy Facility for more than two years.

The two experts who reviewed the records from his death investigation found that there had been symptoms of widespread cancer two years earlier, but that they essentially went unaddressed until a month before he died. Throughout this time, Morales-Ramos repeatedly begged for care.

Marjorie Annmarie Bell died in due to sudden cardiac death, acute coronary syndrome, and multivessel coronary artery disease while in custody at the CoreCivic-operated San Diego County Detention Facility also known as the Otay Mesa Detention Center.OCR is also responsible for developing and publishing the Annual Census of Employees in the State Civil Service as well as the Language Survey and Implementation Plan reports that are statutorily mandated, and it assists departments with technical support to meet their duties in these areas.

Each department has an obligation to actively prevent discrimination, and to take immediate and effective action to eliminate it when it is discovered. This includes having non-discrimination policies and procedures in place, and informing employees about them so that they may file a discrimination complaint if necessary.

The OCR does not receive or investigate discrimination complaints. Instead, state employees may file discrimination complaints with one or all of the following entities:. A complainant with a hearing impairment can call for telephone assistanceuse the Videophone ator use TDD at Request the pre-complaint inquiry form, then complete and return it via U. E-mail the pre-complaint inquiry form to contact. Sign In. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server.

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Supporting Page.We use cookies and other tracking technologies to improve your browsing experience on our site, show personalized content and targeted ads, analyze site traffic, and understand where our audiences come from. To learn more or opt-out, read our Cookie Policy. From police shootings to voter suppression to arrests of asylum seekers, a new report finds US human rights are abysmal. A new report examining human rights in the United States and around the world has just been released, and its findings are disturbing: The US is doing abysmally in several key categories, including the right to freedom from extrajudicial killing, the right to participate in government, and the right to be safe from the state.

In fact, when compared with five other high-income Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD countries the group looked at — Australia, Mexico, New Zealand, South Korea, and the United Kingdom — the US performs worse than average on empowerment rights, such as the right to participate in government, and on the right to be safe from the state. In other words, things in the US have been pretty bad for years, despite its developed, wealthy status.

The report, released Thursday, looked at three broad categories of human rights globally: empowerment, safety from the state, and quality of life. A group of experts, including human rights advocates from large organizations like Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch as well as human rights lawyers and journalists, were surveyed to produce the first-of-its-kind examination of safety from the state and empowerment for 19 countries.

Separately, publicly available statistics from international databases were used to produce data for countries on five categories of quality of life, which were paired with survey responses where available.

The empowerment category comprises three political and civil rights: the right to assembly and association; the right to opinion and expression; and the right to participate in government. The US empowerment score was just 4. Experts assigned the US a score of 5. Seventy percent of expert respondents said that journalists bear the brunt of risk, but about half of them also cited human rights advocates and people who protest or engage in nonviolent political activity as being at risk for having their right to free speech trampled on.

This category is damning for its view on discrimination. In an age when the most of the rest of the world is renouncing or not enforcing the death penalty, several states in the US still execute prisoners, with 25 put to death inaccording to the Death Penalty Information Center. For extrajudicial killing, the US comes in a notorious third place, after Mexico and Brazil, particularly because of lethal force used by police against African Americans and other people of color.

Civil Rights

In this category, respondents also stressed the deaths of children at the southern border and prisoners denied necessary medical care.

Also included in the right to freedom from extrajudicial execution are civilian deaths caused by US drone strikes. More than half of the report experts said that refugees, asylum seekers, and immigrants are at risk for arbitrary arrest, and a quarter of them said refugees and asylum seekers are at risk for disappearance a stat that includes incommunicado detention at the border.

The number of experts that said immigrants are at risk for disappearance climbs to one-third of respondents.

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